@Richard Hubbard, in letter to editor wrote:
Mask wearing a placebo
Recently, opinion columns and letter writers have espoused on the medical benefits of wearing masks and the science supporting it without ever providing that science so I decided to do it. Listed below are the periodical, date, title and quote lifted from the findings.
New England Journal of Medicine, May 21, 2020, Universal Masking in Hospitals in the Covid-19 Era, “We know that wearing a mask outside health care facilities offers little, if any, protection from infection. The desire for widespread masking is a reflexive reaction to anxiety over the pandemic.”
Science Direct, Vol. 20, Sept. 2017, Effectiveness of personal protective measures in reducing pandemic influenza transmission, “Facemark use provided a non-significant protective effect.”
Annals of Internal Medicine, July 7, 2020, Effectiveness of Surgical and Cotton Masks in Blocking SARS-CoV-2, “Neither surgical nor cotton masks effectively filtered SARS–CoV-2.”
British Medical Journal, 2015, A cluster randomized trial of cloth masks compared with medical masks in healthcare workers, “Penetration of cloth masks by particles was almost 97% and medical masks 44%. This study is the first RCT of cloth masks, and caution against their use.”
Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology, Aug 17, 2016, Evaluating the Efficacy of Cloth Facemarks in Reducing particulate exposure, “Cloth masks are only marginally beneficial. Compared with cloth masks, disposable surgical masks are more effective in reducing particulate exposure.”
CDC, Volume 26 No. 5 May 2020, Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Non-healthcare Settings-PPE Measures, “In pooled analysis we found no significant reduction influenza transmission with the use of face masks."
Thus the wearing of face masks (other than N95 and above) is mere placebo. Local citizens forced to wear masks by their employers should be aware that these masks have not been tested nor certified by OSHA as safe and effective. Masks can cause hypoxia, hypercapnia, impair one’s immunity, trap viruses in the respiratory tract and/or in one’s nasal passages which could then enter the brain via olfactory nerves. Employers are legally liable for any employee illness caused by the wearing of masks as well as the UW being legally liable for any student illness attributable to masks.
Okay, then. This is my new little project: to find the articles and find out what I think of all this.
Spring being a tough act to follow, God created June.- Al Bernstein
I’ve noticed that everyone who is for abortion has already been born. - Ronald Reagan
100% the same on both politics and business patronage.@Flash wrote:
Once we have vaccine protection from this virus and can go about freely without masks I will not be patronizing businesses that during this time have been unwilling to keep their customers safe by requiring masks. I also will not be voting for politicians who were unwilling to establish community protections to keep their constituents safe
My mask concerns are personal and practical. I dislike how the mask feels around my ears because I wear glasses and the ear pieces are not compatible with anything else.
I cannot breathe deeply when I am wearing a mask.
Masks are expensive relative to my budget (which was planned before covid-19 came on the scene).
I might have COVID brain in thinking this, but I am suspecting some people are intentionally spreading COVID. Throw tomatoes at me if you want, but there have been people at Costco who have their masks down and phone in hand and walk ALL OVER the store talking.@sestrahelena wrote:
I also find it sadly amusing when there is a huge sign (or many of them) on the entrance to an establishment that masks are required to enter (with lots of, "!!!", Yet inside about half the people are masked, including employees. Half of the maskers have their noses uncovered. The employees I can understand. They're probably angry at having to work for near minimum wage and figure, "If I'm gonna get sick from one of you, I'm gonna pass it on to the rest of you!" Makes sense. I would probably feel that way if I was them.
haha. That always happens to me. I have to put an extra space after the end quote mark and end parenthesis for it to show properly.@ wrote:
That smiley face is supposed to end parenthesis...)
Alcohol is so hard to find locally.@Flash wrote:
I spray alcohol on it to disinfect it and let it thoroughly dry before re-use.
If a person WITH insurance or Medicare is going to have to pay $100,000 or so in medical bills from COVID, that's going to mean most people are screwed!@Flash wrote:
Hospitals have a mandate to care for anyone in an emergency situation. Our hospitals are currently full but not with the elective surgeries that normally cover their expenses. Each COVID case coming through their doors needing hospitalization is a potential loss to them if the patient has no insurance. While the cost of care is routinely negotiated down by insurance companies and Medicare, a half million dollar bill is still going to be about 25% of that in real hospital cost. The hospitals' choice will need to be to increase costs of services to recover their losses and that will raise the cost of insurance. If the federal government steps in to help with the hospital's costs, then it is a cost to all taxpayers.
Yeah, that is what I was thinking, but wasn't sure if I was missing something where your insurance just wouldn't cover something like a COVID hospitalization costing hundreds of thousands.@Flash wrote:
Most health insurance plans have a 'Maximum Out of Pocket' or MOOP. So an insurance plan may have a $3000 deductible, which means you pay the first $3000 of charges and then a $9000 MOOP. Simplistically, you get a $500,000 hospital bill. The insurance deals with the bill, applying their negotiated prices and the bill ends up at $100,000. You pay $9000, which is your MOOP. On the other hand, you get a bill for $20,000 from the hospital and the insurance reduce it to their negotiated $4000. You pay $3000 if you have had no earlier expenses during the calendar year.
My Medicare Advantage plan has no deductible but rather charges co-pays. My co-pay for the hospital is $175 per day for each of the first seven days I am there on an incident. After that I have no further co-pay for the incident. This does not matter whether I went in for elective surgery or for an emergency. My MOOP for the year is $3,400. Outside of a hospitalization I need to pay co-pays for my medications with the standard Medicare drug handling with the 'donut hole'.
I saw that one coming! If I were a betting person, I'd have won big bucks.